The Y-DNA and mtDNA landscape of Britain and Europe
The paternally-inherited Y chromosome and maternally-inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been widely used in population genetic studies and also in genealogical research. I will describe the background to the use of these markers in studies of Western Europe in general, and the British Isles in particular. My talk will include a comparison of Europe-wide patterns of Y and mtDNA diversity, and what this tells us about the behaviours of the different sexes in past demographic transitions, and also describe our analysis of the Y and mtDNA data in the People of the British Isles (PoBI) cohort. These modern datasets can now be set within a rich context of growing numbers of ancient DNA sequences.
Mark Jobling studied Biochemistry and completed a DPhil in Genetics at the University of Oxford. He moved to the University of Leicester in 1992 where he has been supported by Wellcome Trust fellowships and is now a Professor. His group uses human genetic diversity to investigate processes of colonisation, migration and admixture, and (with a focus on the Y chromosome) to study mutation processes. He also applies Y-chromosomal markers to understanding the relationships between Y types and patrilineal surnames, and in forensic analysis.